Circularity concepts for offsite prefabricated energy renovation of apartment buildings.

Kuusk, Kalle & Kullerkupp, Kristel & Pihelo, Peep & Ritzen, Michiel & Tisov, Ana & Kalamees, Targo. (2021).
Circularity concepts for offsite prefabricated energy renovation of apartment buildings. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Deep energy renovation includes the realisation of the full potential of energy performance. A circular deep renovation, which contributes to a circular built environment, is based on 100% life cycle renewable energy, and all materials used within the system boundaries are part of infinite technical or biological cycles with the lowest quality loss as possible. In the current study, the circularity potential was assessed for deep energy renovation from different aspects: circularity of materials, building component and building structure. Careful selection of materials as well as connection, position and disassembly possibilities are needed to increase the degree of circularity. This shows a good possibility to increase energy performance by using circularity principles. The window glass circularity analyse showed that, at best, the thermal transmittance of a new circular product can be more than three times lower than the original. The circular use of materials, components, and structures pose new challenges for the building physic design of building envelope structures.

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